Many people when they have a normal, usual cold they think it is an allergy and people who have allergy they confuse it with a simple cold. However, in order to cure yourself you have to know the differences between these two conditions.
Corona virus is the type of virus that causes colds and the allergies are caused by an overly excessive work of the immune system secondary to discovering an allergen. The allergen is a unknown agent which the body sees it as an intruder or a foreigner. According an article published on Web MD the moment your body gets attacked by a virus, the immune system begins with its counter-attack. This gives an explanation for the appearances of coughs and colds to people. When a person has an allergy, their body releases a chemical known under the name of histamine. This chemical causes for the nose to block and get inflamed which will eventually provoke coughs and sneezing.
As we said, colds are caused by viruses and it can be transferred from one person to another through droplet transfer. This involves coughing, sneezing or getting in touch with liquids from the infected person. On the contrary the allergies are not transmitted and people cannot become infected through the people who suffer from them, this happens due to the hypersensitivity of the body. However, exist cases where allergies are inherited, it happens in some situation for children to inherit the allergies from their parents.
According to Dr. Rima Rachid an allergen immunotherapy director of the Children’s Hospital in Boston published an article saying that people whose one parent has any type of allergy had a one in three chance of developing an allergy. Then, if both of the parents suffer from an allergy in that case their kids have a seven in ten chances of having an allergy as well.
Apart of these characteristics colds and allergies have a vast number of differences. Both are different in terms of the time of lasting and season. Usually the colds occur mostly during the winter but they can happen in other seasons as well, rarely but they can. The first signs and symptoms will take a while before appearing. On the contrary allergies can happen at any time. You will notice the signs from an allergy immediately as you get exposed at the allergen trigger.
When it comes to the time of lasting, usually the colds last from 3 to 14 days and the allergies from days to a couple of months. \this usually depends on the presence of the allergy trigger.
Colds are characterized with symptoms such as sore throat, coughing, stuffy nose, temperature (this one does not happen often) and allergies with stuffy nose and itchy, red eyes, but never with fever or pain in the body and muscles. Both allergies and colds have the common characteristic of making people tired and fatigued due to the blockage of the lungs and respiratory system.
One way of finding out whether you have a cold or an allergy is through the nasal discharges. According to Rachid, if the nasal discharge is green or yellow than it is a cold because of the infection, on the contrary with the allergies the nose is clear but if there is a sinus infection then the nasal discharge has yellow color.
Another very important difference between colds and allergies is the so called “allergy salute”. As Rachid pointed out, the “allergy salute” is a clear symptom of a season allergy. Usually, kids tend to constantly scratch and wipe their itchy nose due to the allergy, plus you can just take a look at the kids skin of the nose and see if it an allergenic reaction. You can easily notice that since the skin of the nose has a little crease at the bridge of the nose.
As we mentioned before, colds last from three to fourteen days. In cases when the cold lasts for more than 14 days please go and make a checkup with your doctor since this could be easily a sign of an allergy or something more serious.
Article and image source: www.healthybuilderz.com